If you are a national of Thailand or you are someone who has created a new life for themselves there, then you would be forgiven for not knowing the ins and outs of the legal system in the country. It is not like your own country of origin and it is generally a civil law country.
In your own country, there may be a thing called precedence and this is how judges and juries rule on the best decision for everyone. These same rules do not apply in Thailand, so the law courts are not obliged to make decisions based on previous decisions. The other thing to remember as well is that Thailand does not use the jury system and so cases will be decided by a judge alone.
The good news or bad news, depending on how you look at it, is that Thai nationals and people who live there like expats, are all equally allowed to file a legal lawsuit against any defendant. If you find yourself on the wrong side of the law, it’s likely that you’re going to need the professional services of a Thailand dispute resolution law firms. There are many different types of litigation in Thailand, some more common than others. The following are just some of them.
Breach Of Contract
If you enter into any kind of business contract with another party and you do not meet the stipulations of said contract, you are in breach and someone is perfectly entitled to bring litigation against you. Much like your own country, if your signature is on the contract, then you are liable to follow it. You can’t just walk away from a legal document and say that you don’t agree with it anymore or that you were not aware of it in the first place.
This is a strange type of litigation in the country of Thailand because the truth is not a defence, unlike in other countries where it is. You can find yourself in a defamation lawsuit because you left a negative review about a bar or restaurant that you went to; the owner can take you to court simply by the fact that you have said something that could damage his or her business, even though it is completely true and factual.
There are many court cases such as this in Thailand and so you need to be careful that you’re not copying someone else’s designs or using a name that is similar to someone else’s. It makes sense to make sure that you do the necessary research before you start putting a sign or a logo on your business. The same applies if you are fraudulent in your actions whether in business or in your home life as well.
These are only three of the situations in which you may need a professional litigation lawyer. Believe me when I tell you that there are numerous more. It always pays to stay on the right side of the law; you should do everything within your power to make sure that you do.